Verse 7:157 of the Qur’aan mentions that the advent of Prophet Muĥammad (ŝall-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam (1) – ŜA’WS) was talked about in the Tawraah (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel); however, the current extant versions of those books do not seem to mention it. Why?
1 The Arabic phrase means: Allaah’s blessings and peace be upon him. The same sentiments are conveyed by the abbreviation of this Arabic phrase “ŜA‘WS” or the English abbreviation “pbuh”.
The fact is that the Prophet was not only mentioned but a firm covenant was also taken from the followers of the previous messengers in this respect and they were given some signs about Muĥammad ŜA‘WS, so that they could easily recognize him when he came. According to the Bible, before John (the Baptist) and Jesus, the Jews were expecting and waiting for three distinctly different persons: the Messiah, Elijah (2), and “that prophet” (3). Thus, when John launched his mission, the Jews asked him, as per the Gospel according to John 1:19-27 RSV:
And this is the testimony of John, when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, “Who are you?” He confessed, he did not deny, but confessed, “I am not the Christ.” And they asked him, “What then? Are you Elijah?” He said, “I am not.” “Are you the prophet?” And he answered, “No.” They said to him then, “Who are you? Let us have an answer for those who sent us. What do you say about yourself?” He said, “I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, ‘Make straight the way of the Lord,’ as the prophet Isaiah said.” Now they had been sent from the Pharisees. They asked him, “Then why are you baptizing, if you are neither the Christ, nor Elijah, nor the prophet?” John answered them, “I baptize with water; but among you stands one whom you do not know, even he who comes after me, the thong of whose sandal I am not worthy to untie.
2 Promised or foretold in Malachi 4:5.
3 Promised and foretold in Deut. 18:18.
The expectation was that Elijah (or Elias in KJV) would come first, to be followed by Christ and then by the Prophet. So, when Jesus claimed to be the Christ (Messiah), the question arose: who was Elijah who had come before the Christ? Jesus explained that John was in fact Elijah:
“From the days of John the Baptist until now, the kingdom of heaven has suffered violence, and men of violence take it by force. For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John; and if you are willing to accept it, he is Elijah who is to come” (RSV Matt 11:12-14)
And they asked him, “Why do the scribes say that first Elijah must come?” And he said to them, “Elijah does come first to restore all things; and how is it written of the Son of man, that he should suffer many things and be treated with contempt? But I tell you that Elijah has come, and they did to him whatever they pleased, as it is written of him” (RSV Mark 9:11-13).
From the above-mentioned quotes, one point is established without doubt: out of the three personalities that were anticipated, neither John nor Jesus claimed to be the particular prophet who was so clearly defined in people’s mind that just “that prophet” or “the prophet” was enough to identify him. Thus, after Jesus, people continued to wait for him knowing that the time of his advent was approaching. According to the knowledge they were given, they even knew that “the prophet” was going to be in Arabia and they had some clear signs to recognize him. In fact, the Jews living in Yathrib used to warn their Arab neighbours that soon “that prophet” is going to come under whose leadership all of the Arabs would be conquered. Based on those warnings from Jews, many residents of Yathrib became believers when they heard about Muĥammad and his mission because they found that the kind of signs the Jews used to mention about him were all present in his case. That was also the reason that many of the Jews and Christians became Muslims when they saw the truth in the claims of the Prophet. And ever since, there have been many others at various times in the history and at various places who arrived at the same conclusion and became Muslims.
Someone may look for the name of Prophet Muĥammad in the Bible and not finding it explicitly mentioned in the current versions of the text may conclude that he is not mentioned in the Bible. But the prophecies for Muĥammad can be by such signs that are applicable only to him. A good example in this regard is that of the prophecies about Christ or Jesus. The Bible does not have any prophesy for him where he has been mentioned by name. In the same manner, the current scriptures do not have any prophesy about Muĥammad ŜA‘WS by name, but despite all the manipulations and changes, they still retain enough signs that a profile of “the prophet” can be compiled to discern who is being described by it.
So, what were those signs? Let us see what the Bible – both Old and New Testaments – has to say about it.
How did God fulfill His promise to Ibraheem?
Starting from Genesis, we note that Ibraheem did not have a son and was praying to Allaah that He grant him a son. In response, Allaah SWT made a promise to him that:
“I will make you into a great nation and I will bless you; I will make your name great, and you will be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, and whoever curses you I will curse; and all peoples on earth will be blessed through you” (NIV Gen. 12:2-3).
His wife, Sarai (Sarah), was barren. Therefore, in order to have children, he used the established practice of polygamy and married Haajirah (Hagar):
“So after Abram had been living in Canaan ten years, Sarai his wife took her Egyptian maidservant Hagar and gave her to her husband to be his wife. He slept with Hagar, and she conceived” (NIV Gen. 16:3-4).
“So Hagar bore Abram a son, and Abram gave the name Ishmael to the son she had borne. Abram was eighty-six years old when Hagar bore him Ishmael” (NIV Gen. 16:15-16).
Thus, Haajirah was Ibraheem’s legitimate wife and Isma‘eel his legitimate first born on whose birth Ibraheem was very happy that Allaah had responded to his prayers, that is why he named him “God hears” on the suggestion of an angel (Gen. 16:11). This son was the sole centre of Ibraheem’s love for the next 14 years, when the second son Isaac was born. When Ibraheem was given promise for the birth of Isaac, he was assured about Isma‘eel:
“And as for Ishmael, I have heard you: I will surely bless him; I will make him fruitful and will greatly increase his numbers. He will be the father of twelve rulers, and I will make him into a great nation” (NIV Gen. 17:20).
After Ibraheem offered his only son for sacrifice, Allaah repeatedly referred to His promise of making him father of powerful nations:
“Abraham will surely become a great and powerful nation, and all nations on earth will be blessed through him. For I have chosen him, so that he will direct his children and his household after him to keep the way of the LORD by doing what is right and just, so that the LORD will bring about for Abraham what he has promised him” (NIV Gen.18:18-19).
“… Your descendants will take possession of the cities of their enemies, and through your offspring all nations on earth will be blessed, because you have obeyed me” (NIV Gen. 22:17-18).
The question is: Some nations of the earth were blessed through Ibraheem’s second son Isaac and his descendants, what about his offspring from the firstborn and their nations? Has Allaah fulfilled his promise or not? Has there been a prophet from the firstborn of Abraham to bless the nations of the earth through him?
Some people may try to erroneously exclude Isma‘eel from this promise citing the reasons such as:
- Isma‘eel was not a legitimate son;
- Hagar was a handmaid of Sarah, not a legitimate wife of Ibraheem;
- Isma‘eel was excluded from the blessing because Sarah was not happy with Haajirah.
Obviously, all of these excuses are baseless in the light of quotation given above. In fact, they are not God’s reasons at all; rather, they are a product of an extremely racist mentality that discriminates against a child whose mother was supposedly (4) an Egyptian handmaid or not liked by the senior wife. Although Haajirah was a legitimate wife because Ibraheem took her to be his wife, even if she were not a legitimate wife, Isma‘eel still could not be deprived of his special status as the firstborn according to the Biblical law (5):
“If a man has two wives, and he loves one but not the other, and both bear him sons but the firstborn is the son of the wife he does not love, when he wills his property to his sons, he must not give the rights of the firstborn to the son of the wife he loves in preference to his actual firstborn, the son of the wife he does not love. He must acknowledge the son of his unloved wife as the firstborn by giving him a double share of all he has. That son is the first sign of his father's strength. The right of the firstborn belongs to him (NIV Deut. 21:15-17).
4 Some researchers have shown that the claim about Haajirah being a handmaid and an Egyptian are also corruptions of the Bible introduced because of the racism of certain vested interests. According to them, she was an Arab lady whom Abraham married on his own will.
5 We want to make it clear that Allaah SWT treats all human beings equally. He does not prefer one person over the other because of order in birth, race, ethnicity or any such notions. He judges people only on the basis of their behaviour. In every other respect, all human beings are equal and have equal dignity. We have quoted Biblical ideas only to clarify the point that has been clouded by such discussions. All the notions of racism and preference of one kind of people over others are corruptions of the Bible, not God’s original message. This is acknowledged by many Christian theologians as well. For example, according to The Interpreter’s Bible, Vol. 1 page 575: “Many Israelites did not want a God who would be equally the God of all nations on the earth. They did not want one who would be impartial Holiness. They wanted a God who would be partial to them.”
Hence, commentators of the Bible such as The Interpreter’s Bible, agree that:
“However, the law of the first-born had ancient sanction, and so long as it was accepted, justice demanded that mere favoritism not be allowed to deprive the eldest son of his rights (6)."
6 The Interpreter’s Bible, vol. 2, p. 461.
As a matter of fact, Isma‘eel was not excluded from the covenant but was rather part of it. When the covenant was established through circumcision, Isma‘eel was included:
“You are to undergo circumcision, and it will be the sign of the covenant between me and you” (NIV Gen. 17:11).
“Abraham was ninety-nine years old when he was circumcised, and his son Ishmael was thirteen; Abraham and his son Ishmael were both circumcised on that same day” (NIV Gen. 17:24-26).
In summary, the evidence is clear that God’s promise to bless the nations of the world through Ibraheem’s sons is more applicable to Isma‘eel than the other son. How was then the promise fulfilled? From Isaac’s side, we know it was fulfilled through people like Jacob, Joseph, Moses and Jesus. But who was sent from the progeny of Isma‘eel to bring God’s blessings to humankind?
The Promised “Prophet” was to be like Moses and from Ishmaelites
Now, let us go to Deuteronomy. When the covenant was taken from Israelites, the atmosphere was made frightening by making Mount Sinai appear as if it would fall upon and crush them. They requested that in future the process should be made easy for them. In response to the request by the Israelites, Allaah made a definite promise to Moses about a specific prophet:
“A prophet will I raise up unto them from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth, and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. And it shall come to pass that the man who hearkeneth not unto my words which he shall speak in My name, I will require it of him” (Deuteronomy 18:18-19 Darby).
This is the prophet the Jews were waiting for, as quoted earlier. If any Bible’s concordance is examined, “the prophet” being asked about in the Gospel of John is always referred to these verses of Deuteronomy.
Some Christians are quick to assume that it applies to Jesus. What they forget is that “the prophet” was a distinct personality separate from that of Christ. If Jesus was the Christ, he cannot also be “that prophet”. But there are many other reasons that it cannot apply to Jesus. As per this prophesy, “that prophet” must have the following attributes:
- He will be like Moses;
- He will be from the brothers of Israelites;
- Allaah will put His words in his mouth;
- He will tell people only what he is commanded;
- He will speak Allaah’s words in His name.
They may say Jesus is like Moses because both were Jews and both were prophets; but they forget that this definition of similarity applies to all Israelite prophets who came after Moses. That is not specific enough to identify a particular prophet. They also forget that, according to their beliefs, Jesus was God which Moses was not; that Jesus died for their sins which Moses did not do; and that Jesus was in Hell for three days (7) before being resurrected, while it did not happen to Moses. Hence, Jesus is so dissimilar to Moses that it cannot apply to Jesus at all. But there is more to it. Consider the following table of comparison:
Area of Comparison
Married with children
Church claims no marriage
Knew from childhood
Prophet and Statesman
Gospels claim Prophet only (8)
Laws and regulations
Brought new laws
No new laws or regulations (9)
From Egypt To Madyan
God talked directly
At the Mount
No such encounter reported
Encounter with Enemies
Raised before encounter
Ruled the Motherland
Result of encounter
No physical victory
Acceptance by people
Rejected then accepted
Rejected by huge majority; even to this day, Jews to whom he was sent have not accepted him yet (10).
Departure from this world
Buried on earth
In the heaven
7 According to the Apostles' Creed, which states, “He descended into Hell.” Wikipedia, Roman Catholic Church translation into English; Also see Christian Classics Ethereal Library (CCEL), under Apostles’ Creed www.ccel.org/creeds/apostles.creed.html.; also see www.creeds.net/ancient/apostles.htm, The Apostles’ Creed, Traditional English Version; also see CRTA (Centre for reformed Theology and Apologetics) site under The Apostles Creed at www.reformed.org/documents/index.html.
8 Jn. 18:36
9 Mt. 5:17-18
10 John 1:11 “He came unto his own (the Jews) and his own received him (Jesus) not.”
Thus, this prophecy has nothing to do with Jesus. It also cannot apply to any other Israelite prophet because none of them are like Moses in many respects. Moreover, they do not fulfill any other parts of the prophecy. The second aspect of the profile is that “the prophet” must be from the brethren of Israelites, not from Israelites themselves. Ishmael and Isaac were brothers and their descendants (Jews and Arabs) were brethren. That is why Israelites were referred to as brethren of Ishmael in the Bible:
“And he (Ishmael) will be a wild-ass of a man, his hand against every man, and every man's hand against him; and he shall dwell before the face of all his brethren”(Gen. 16:12).
“And they dwelt from Havilah to Shur, which is opposite to Egypt, as one goes towards Assyria. He (Ishmael) settled before the face of all his brethren” (Gen. 25:18) (11).
11 Both translations from Darby version. Although later on this was used as a given name for the father of David, this prophecy could not have been for a person from the progeny of unknown Jesse. If the prophet was supposed to be from line of David, it would have used the more renowned and recognized David, instead of an unknown Jesse. Also it does not fit the facts of the case because many prophets came out of the progeny of David.
According to the Hebrew Dictionary of the Bible, “brethren” is “personification of a group who were regarded as near kinsmen of the Israelites (12)." Some people try to infer that “brethren” refers to Levites as compared to other tribes. If the address is to a specific tribe of Israelites, then other Israelites tribes will be regarded their brethren, as in the following:
“The Levitical priests, that is, all the tribe of Levi, shall have no portion or inheritance with Israel; they shall eat the offerings by fire to the Lord, and his rightful dues. They shall have no inheritance among their brethren” (Deut. 18:1-2).
12 Muhammad in the Bible, Jamal Badawi, p. 16
Similarly, when the address is to all Israelites, as it is in the case of Deut. 18:18-20, the Israelites brethren can only be Ishmaelites.
The Bible provides more evidence that “the prophet” was going to be from the descendants of Ishmael:
“A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse; from his roots a branch will bear fruit. The Spirit of the LORD will rest on him - the Spirit of wisdom and of understanding, the Spirit of counsel and of power, the Spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD” (Isaiah 11:1-2).
According to Encyclopaedia Biblica, “Jesse is contracted from Ishmael (13)." Note how specific the words used are to present a visual image of the situation. It tells about a situation where after the original tree was cut, there were no branches and no shoots, just a stump out of which only one fruit bearing branch came out. Unlike the situation with descendants of Isaac, From Ishmael there was to be only a single fruit-bearing shoot that would come after a long time that the stump had been dead.
13 Cheyene, Encyclopedia Biblica under “Names”.
More Signs from Old Testament
Attributes of The Promised Prophet in Isaiah
Prophet Isaiah (Isaiah 29:12) prophesied about “the prophet to be illiterate or not learned”, as per the following:
And the book is delivered to him that is not learned, saying, Read this, I pray thee: and he saith, I am not learned” (KJV).
Then the book is delivered to one who [a]is illiterate, saying, “Read this, please.” And he says, “I am not literate” (NKJV).
The 42nd Chapter of the book of Isaiah gives a very revealing prophesy about “the prophet”, called, The Servant of the Lord :
1 "Here is my servant, whom I uphold, my chosen one in whom I delight; I will put my Spirit on him and he will bring justice to the nations (or as in KJV, he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles). 2 He will not shout or cry out, or raise his voice in the streets. 3 A bruised reed he will not break, and a smoldering wick he will not snuff out. In faithfulness, he will bring forth justice; 4 he will not falter or be discouraged till he establishes justice on earth. In his law, the islands will put their hope (14)."
5 Thus says God the LORD, Who created the heavens and stretched them out, Who spread out the earth and its offspring, Who gives breath to the people on it and spirit to those who walk in it, 6 “I am the LORD, I have called You in righteousness, I will also hold you by the hand and watch over you, and I will appoint you as a covenant to the people, as a light to the nations, 7 To open blind eyes, to bring out prisoners from the dungeon and those who dwell in darkness from the prison.”… 10 “Sing to the LORD a new song, His praise from the ends of the earth, you who go down to the sea, and all that is in it, you islands, and all who live in them. 11 Let the desert and its towns raise their voices; let the settlements where Kedar lives rejoice. Let the people of Sela sing for joy; let them shout from the mountaintops. 12 Let them give glory to the LORD and proclaim his praise in the islands. 13 The LORD will march out like a mighty man, like a warrior he will stir up his zeal; with a shout he will raise the battle cry and will triumph over his enemies.”…17 But those who trust in idols, who say to images, 'You are our gods,' will be turned back in utter shame (15).
14 Isaiah 42 NIV
15 Isaiah 42 NASB
Accordingly, “the Prophet” mentioned in the above verses will:
- Have two distinguishing characteristics of being Servant of the Lord and the chosen one of the Lord;
- Bring justice to all nations, especially Gentiles (which requires him to be a ruler who can establish law and order);
- Be a gentle, kind-hearted, mild-mannered person, not like Jesus who, according to the existing Gospels, had very tough and rough words for his disciples and for Israelites;
- Will not falter or be discouraged until justice is established on the earth and his laws are enforced;
- Be “a light to nations” as compared to Jesus whose mission was only to Israelites (16)
- Sing a new song to the Lord (new revelation and teachings)
- Cause the Praise of Lord to be raised from far corners of the earth;
- Be descendent of Kedar, son of Ishmael, whose settlement will rejoice his advent;
- Be among the people of Sela who will welcome him with song of joy;
- Will triumph over his enemies; and
- Defeat the worshippers of idols.
16 As per Matthew 15:24: He (Jesus) answered, “I was sent only to the lost sheep of Israel.”
Prophecy by John
The NT has not much to say about or from John the Baptist. Whatever little has been reported about him has many textual problems; however, what has been reported from him in Matt. 3:11 is extremely important from the perspective of our subject matter:
“I baptize you with water for repentance. But after me will come one who is more powerful than I, whose sandals I am not fit to carry. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire.12 His winnowing fork is in his hand, and he will clear his threshing floor, gathering his wheat into the barn and burning up the chaff with unquenchable fire.”
Who was John talking about out of the other two persons: Jesus or “that prophet”? Obviously, it cannot be his contemporary Jesus who was already there, because John was clear: “after me will come…”
Had he meant Jesus, he would have become his disciple, be baptized with the spirit and proven his words of not being fit to carry his sandals. Instead both continued their work in parallel. In addition, the followers of both were baptized with water as it continues to this day.
This person who was going to be greater than John was going to separate believers (wheat) from disbelievers (chaff), organize believers in the form of an organized society (barn), and cleanup his geographical area (threshing floor) from disbelief. The historical facts are undeniable proof that Jesus was not the person meant by John because Jesus did not accomplish any of the things John had mentioned – Jesus departed without clearing the threshing floor with unquenchable fire.
It is thus evident that John was talking about “the Prophet”
What Jesus had to say about “the Prophet”?
Now, the question is that if “the Prophet” was to come, did Jesus have anything to say about him? Jesus did talk about someone coming after him, in the following passages, quoted from different versions to give a better perspective of the contents:
“And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever; even the spirit of truth…” (John 14:16-17).
“…he shall testify of me” (John 15:26).
“I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now.13 Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come. 14He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall shew it unto you” (John 16:12-14) From KJV.
“And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Counselor to be with you forever – the Spirit of truth. ...” (John 14:16-17) (17).
17 Emphasis in all these quotations has been added to highlight the key components of the text.
This prophecy talks about coming of another comforter or counsellor – another in the sense that he will be playing a role similar to Jesus. The person has been called “Parakletos” in Greek. This is a peculiar word, which has been difficult to translate for the translators. Different scholars have attempted to derive some sensible meaning by translating it into words such as a comforter, counsellor, advocate, intercessor, defender and helper. We will discuss this word in detail later on, for now we will focus on the nature of the person mentioned here.
Usually, Christians have interpreted it to mean Holy Spirit or Holy Ghost. They have even inserted their interpretation within commas in verse 26 of John 14:
“But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you” (KJV).
“But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you” (NIV).
This is the kind of insertion for which Christian scribes have been taking liberty to suggest to the reader what in their mind the words mean (18). For example, “not Iscariot” was inserted in the following verse:
“Judas saith unto him, not Iscariot, Lord, how is it that thou wilt manifest thyself unto us, and not unto the world” (John 14:22).
18 A researcher Bernard D. Muller, ex-Christian humanist, has prepared an original text of the gospel of John and indicated the changes it has gone through. He has also concluded that Holy Ghost was a subsequent interpolation. According to him, the original verse 14:26 was: “But the Helper, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all things that I said to you.” (www.geocities.com/b_d_muller/index.html).
Or it may be an intentional play with the words of the scripture to obfuscate the identity of the promised person. Such interpolations are a common practice among Christians, as has been acknowledged and documented by Christian researchers themselves. A person just has to read the prefaces to the Revised Standard Version and New International Version to understand this issue (19). Dr. Maurice Bucaille’s research indicated that the famous Palimpsest version written in Syriac has the word Spirit only, not the Holy Spirit. Ahmad Deedat has noticed examples of recent changes in Urdu and Afrikaans versions of the Bible that the Christian authorities have made to cover up their vulnerabilities in response to Muslim-Christian Dialogues (20). In the Afrikaan’s Bible, they have changed the word "Trooster" (Comforter), to "Voorspraak" (Mediator) in John 16:12-14 verses under discussion, and interpolated the phrase — "die Heilige Gees" — meaning The Holy Ghost, a phrase no Bible Scholar had yet dared to interpolate into any of the multifarious English Versions.
19 The interested reader should also refer to Jehovah’s witnesses’ Awake magazine of September 8, 1957, published in Brooklyn NY; as well as Look magazine of February 26, 1952.
20 Muhammad – The Natural Successor to Christ by Ahmed Deedat
The fact is that this person cannot be the Holy Ghost for the following reasons:
i. This person was to come after Jesus had gone, a fact which is further clarified in the following verse:
“Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you” (John 16:7).
ii. According to the Bible, Holy Ghost has been there before Jesus and during Jesus’ time (21):
a. “… and he (John the Baptist) shall be filled with the Holy Ghost, even from his mother's womb” (Luke 1: 15).
b. “… and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Ghost” (Luke 1: 41).
c. “And his father Zacharias was filled with the Holy Ghost” (Luke 1:67).
d. “... and the Holy Ghost was upon him (Simeon)” (Luke 2:26).
e. “And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him (Jesus)” (Luke 3:22).
f. “...as my Father hath sent me, even so I send you (the disciples of Jesus), And when he had said this, be breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive Ye The Holy Ghost” (John 20: 21 –22).
21 See “100 Most Influential People of the World” by Michael H. Hart, as an example.
Thus, Holy Ghost was always there before Jesus, for Jesus and for Jesus’ disciples. It was not something to come after Jesus’ departure.
iii. The person to come was to be a human being like Jesus (22) not a different kind of person. The Greek word used for “another” is “allon” which is the masculine accusative form of “allos” – another of the same kind. Had it been meant to indicate Holy Ghost, the Greek word “heteros” would have been used for “another” of a different kind (23).
22 Having all human attributes such a body, flesh, blood, consuming food and drinks, walking with feet, working with hands, etc.
23 Adapted from “The Bible’s Preview of Muhammad” by Sulayman Shahid Mufassir who was an ordained Christian minister but became Muslim when he realized the truth.
iv. The person mentioned in the verses is supposed to say only what he hears. If it is meant to be Holy Ghost, from whom it is going to hear? From itself?
v. The verb “to hear” is the translation of the Greek verb “akouô” meaning to perceive sounds; and the verb “to speak” is the translation of the Greek verb “laleô” which has the general meaning of “to emit sounds” and the specific meaning of “to speak”. This verb occurs very frequently in the Greek text of the Gospels to indicate solemn declaration made by Jesus during His preaching. It, therefore, becomes clear that “speaking to people” in the text under study does not in any way consist of a statement inspired by the Holy Spirit. It has a very obvious material character, which comes from the idea of the emission of sounds conveyed by the Greek word that defines it. The two Greek verbs “akouô” and “laleô”, therefore, define concrete actions which can only be applied to a being with hearing and speech organs. It is consequently impossible to apply them to the Holy Spirit (24).
24 Adapted from "The Bible, the Quran and Science", by Maurice Bucaille, 1976
vi. All pronouns used in the text (underlined in the text to show their abundance) are third person male pronouns indicating a male prophet, not a ghost (25).
25 To counter this argument, the Christian Missionaries in India changed all sentence construction to feminine style in their Urdu edition of the Bible. Ahmed Deedat has personally seen that Bible, as he has reported in “Muhammad – the Natural Successor to Christ”.
The above points establish that the person whose advent Jesus prophesied according to the Gospel of John was another human being, not any kind of ghost or spirit. As for John’s use of term, “spirit of truth”, he has himself clarified in his epistles that to him “spirit” means prophet – true spirit meaning true prophet and false spirit meaning false prophet. Accordingly, “spirit of truth” in his Gospel means a “prophet of truth”.
“Dear friends, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to see whether they are from God, because many false prophets have gone out into the world. This is how you can recognize the Spirit of God: Every spirit that acknowledges that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God” (NIV 1John 4:1-2).
Some people think that because it is said that God will give “you” another comforter, the person Jesus was talking about must appear in the life of his disciples who were being addressed at that time. This is not the case. In religious pronouncements, “you” is used in reference to all the generations of the people who come after. For example:
- The promise of God to Moses to raise a prophet in Deuteronomy was addressed to “you” without meaning the generation that was being addressed at that time. The Christians have accepted that fact without raising any question about “you”, assuming erroneously (26) that it applied to Jesus.
- Jesus’ second coming has not happened for more than 2 millenniums, although it was promised to “you”:
“18 I will not leave you as orphans; I will come to you…28 You heard me say, ‘I am going away and I am coming back to you.” (NIV John 14).
26 Acts 3:22
Thus, in the case of such promises, “you” means the people who are around at the time of the fulfillment.
Every prophet of God is understood to remain with people as long as his teachings are remembered, remain in force and continue to be practised – usually until the teachings are replaced with a new edition of the guidance from Allaah through a new prophet. But this prophet will be the last prophet, as his teachings will remain in force and in practise until the end of the world.
The fact that the prophet “will say only what he is told” is the same quality that was mentioned in the Deuteronomy 18 prophecy more precisely that Allaah will put His words in his mouth.
Hence, Jesus’ prophecy belongs to “the prophet” who will:
- Be the spirit of truth;
- Guide people into all the truth;
- Be the last prophet who will remain with the believers forever;
- Not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears;
- Inform people of what is to come; and
- Honour, testify or bear witness about Jesus.
- “And when He has come, He will convict the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment”(John 16:8 KJV).
- “When the Helper comes, He will show the world the truth about sin. He will show the world about being right with God. And He will show the world what it is to be guilty” (John 16:8 New Life Version).
And in words of John the Baptist, he will:
- Baptize with spirit and fire, not with water;
- Organize the believers and clean them from disbelievers (clear his threshing floor, gathering his wheat into the barn and burning up the chaff).
Fitting Like a Glove
If all of the prophecies from both the Old and New Testaments mentioned in the previous paragraphs do not apply to Jesus or Holy Spirit, who are they talking about? Here we will revisit and review them to show for whom they were meant. If you earnestly reflect on them, you will realize that all of them apply perfectly to Muĥammad and were fulfilled fully by his advent. The following paragraphs and tables indicate the perfect fit:
1. Prophet Muĥammad ŜA‘WS was the only prophet of Allaah who came from the line of Ishmael and his son Kedar; thus fulfilling the prophecies and promises of Genesis 17:20, 18:18-19, 22:17-18.
He also provided the exact fulfillment of the prophesy in Isaiah 11:1-2 because after the death of Ishmael, only Prophet Muĥammad appeared from the stump of Jesse as the messenger of Allaah, bringing guidance and blessing to people and bearing unprecedented fruits of accomplishments in that respect.
Also, his success brought the felicity to the settlement of Kedar according to Isaiah 42:11
2. All five aspects of the profile of the promised prophet in Deuteronomy fit only Muĥammad perfectly. Consider the following facts:
i. He was like Moses, as clearly indicated by the following table:
Area of Comparison
Married with children
Married with children
Prophet and Statesman
Prophet and Statesman
Laws and regulations
Brought new law and regulations
Brought new law and regulations
Encounter with Enemies
Result of encounter
Acceptance by people
Rejected then accepted
Rejected then accepted
Buried on earth
Buried on earth
ii. Being a descendent of Ishmael, he was from among the brethren of Israelites.
iii. Allaah put words in his mouth that he spoke to people; and
iv. He told people only what he was commanded.
Words are generally said to be put into in someone’s mouth when that person repeats exactly the words that he is told. That is exactly how Muĥammad used to receive the revelations from Allaah. The angel Gabriel would recite the words of revelation to him that he would repeat and recite them exactly and in the same manner to people. It is a well-established historical fact that he was illiterate and remained illiterate all his life. Also, when the Angel Jibreel (Gabriel) appeared to Prophet Muĥammad with the first revelation, he asked Muĥammad to recite to people; he replied, “I am not a reciter.” Then the angel put words in his mouth by reciting the words to him and having him repeat those words. For all subsequent revelations, he continued to recite exact words as he was told. Even the words addressed to him were repeated and recited exactly as dictated – words like: Say, remind, inform, they ask … you say, your Lord said… etc.
The Qur’aan 53:3-5 witnesses his fidelity in conveying the message:
He does not speak on his own desire; it is exactly the revelation sent down, taught to him by one mighty in power. (An-Najm 53:3-5)
v. He will speak Allaah’s words in His name.
In the very first revelation (The Qur’aan 96:1), Prophet Muĥammad was commanded:
“Recite in the name of your Lord who created.” (Al-‘Alaq 96:1)
Then the Qur’aan and 113 of its 114 chapters start with: In the name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. It should be noted that unlike God or Father, Allaah is the proper and personal name of God, and thus fulfills the prophecy “He shall speak in My Name” exactly and clearly.
3. Also note that Muĥammad’s response to Angel Jibreel (Gabriel) when he appeared to him with the first revelation and asked him to recite, but he replied, “I am not a reciter”, it fulfills the following prophesy in Isaiah 29:12.
4. Now let us check the profile given in Isaiah 42 that he will:
Muĥammad is witnessed by more than a billion Muslims to be the Servant and Messenger of Allaah. A person can be a Muslim only after he testifies that Muĥammad is Allaah’s Servant and Messenger.
Although all prophets and messengers are chosen ones of Allaah, it is only Muĥammad who was given the title of “Mustafa” – the chosen one and is widely known by this title. Since his advent and being given this title, many Muslims named their children with this title, although before Muĥammad, this was never adopted as a name.
He established law and order and complete system of justice, par excellence, in the whole Arabian territory – an unparalleled task in human history.
His gentleness and kindness were proverbial. A boy served him for 10 years, but was never rebuked even once for doing or not doing something. A slave who was set free refused to go to his family and preferred to stay with him. A mentally handicapped woman would stop him to talk and he would not move away until she would finish whatever she had to say.
He sacrificed everything he had and endured the toughest hardships and circumstances without saying one word of complaint or taking a pause in his mission, until Islam was fully established in the land.
He brought the guidance to the whole world. As Allaah declares to Prophet Muĥammad in the Qur’aan, “And We did not send you but as a Mercy to all the worlds.”
He brought the complete version of Islam in Arabic.
Five times Muslims all over the world perform Salaah glorifying Allaah and singing his praise in the form of Adzaan.
Already shown in detail.
Sela is a mountain close to Madeenah where Prophet Muĥammad established the Muslim community. When coming back from the Tabook expedition, the residents of Sela sang welcome songs for Prophet Muĥammad, which are well documented.
Not only he triumphed over them, he won their hearts so that his enemies eventually become his ardent followers.
Idol worshippers were eliminated form Arabia.
What a fitting profile of Prophet Muĥammad, Allaah’s “slave” (‘Abd) and messenger (Rasool), Allaah’s elect (Muŝtafaa) and chosen-one (Mujtabaa). It mentions about his gentle, soft-spoken personality that he never raised his voice over normal speaking tone and his forgiving attitude that he never hurt anyone or sought revenge from anyone. Yet he was so determined that he did not show any weakness in the brunt of the toughest of circumstances and continued his mission without relenting until people, especially Gentiles, were guided out of darkness, liberated from their misguided customs and Islamic peace and justice was established all over Arabia. All these attributes do not completely fit on any other personality of the world including Jesus, despite the attempts to apply them to him (such as in Matt 12:18-21).
5. Now let us review the profile given by Jesus and John for “the prophet”:
In the words of Jesus, he will:
Muĥammad was known for his truthfulness so much so that people used to call him “Aŝ-Ŝaadiq” – the truthful and “Al-Ameen” the trustworthy.
He brought from God a complete way of life for people which guides them in every affair and aspect of life. Islam is a complete way of life covering everything from mundane to spiritual and from individual to collective.
He is the last Messenger of Allaah until the Day of Judgment and his teachings are to stay with people until then.
Described above in detail earlier.
He informed people of the coming stages and success of the Islamic movement and future events as well as about the hereafter. Every word he spoke about this world had come true as detailed in the article “Was Muhammad a Messenger of Allaah”.
He testified the truth about Jesus clearing his name from Jewish accusations and Christian blasphemies.
He gave a very clear criterion of good and evil, established the goodness, righteousness and judgement while he eradicated from his society all the evil that existed.
And in words of John the Baptist, he will:
There is no baptism with water in Islam. Believers cleanse their spirit by imbuing themselves with passionate faith in Allaah and devotion to righteousness.
Muĥammad organized the believers into a cohesive, loving society and cleansed the whole society from idolatry and disbelief.
Indeed, Muĥammad was the last member of the Kingdom of Heaven ruled by Allaah and comprised of all of his prophets and messengers. His advent also fulfilled the promise of God to Ibraheem that all nations will be blessed through his progeny. Now more than a fifth of the world population is blessed through Muĥammad from the descendants of Ishmael. He indeed achieved most superbly and completely what no other prophet and messenger could achieve – complete and full establishment of Islam – cleansing his locality altogether from idolatry. Jesus rightfully exclaimed about him when he said:
“Truly, I say to you, among those born of women there has risen no one greater than John the Baptist; yet he who is least (meaning last) in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he” (RSV Matt 11:11).
All the prophesies in the Old and New Testaments about “the prophet” have been fulfilled by Prophet Muĥammad’s advent, without any doubt or without manipulating any words of the prophesies. The well-documented facts of his life are a witness to their fulfillment. That is why many noble souls who discover this knowledge cannot help but become Muslims.
Another Two Interesting points
1. To appreciate this point, one needs to have a clear view of the mission of the Prophet Muĥammad as the last Prophet until the end of the world and how he established laws of Allaah and the kingdom of God, winning the hearts of his enemies and having followers in all nations and in every nook and corner of the world. Now, reflect on what is described by Daniel’s vision in the following verse from the Bible:
“To him was given dominion and glory and kingship, that all peoples, nations, and languages should serve him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion that shall not pass away, and his kingship is one that shall never be destroyed” (Daniel 7:14 NRSV).
He eradicated idolatry in Arabia, thus destroying the dominion of the beast and establishing the Kingdom of God – the rule of Islam with the help of God and his companions, the “holy ones”:
“Then the court shall sit in judgment, and his (beast’s) dominion shall be taken away, to be consumed and totally destroyed. The kingship and dominion and the greatness of the kingdoms under the whole heaven shall be given to the people of the holy ones of the Most High; their kingdom shall be an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey them” (Daniel 7:26-27 NRSV).
2. You may also know that every year, Muslims (followers of Muĥammad) from all over the world go for pilgrimage to Makkah where they visit and circumambulate the House of God built by Abraham. As a part of the rites of pilgrimage, they offer sacrifices at the place where Abraham offered his only son (at the time) as a sacrifice to Allaah. Now, there is a prophecy in Isaiah 60:1-7 about a holy man (prophet) bringing the light of God to the world. This holy man would appear in a time of darkness filling the world and covering the earth, He would appear to eliminate the darkness and spread the light of God and his praises (60:1-2). He would arise among the Gentiles and his Light would fill his place where the nations would come and visit (60:3). People would come from far, the sons and daughters, all would come together for the Light (60:4). Then, 60:5-6 keeps talking about the coming of the people from all over the world on all kind of camels (transport) to glorify God. Kedar (Arabian centre, Makkah) flocks and tribes would be gathered together under the light of God and offer sacrifices on Allaah’s altar. Allaah will glorify His House (60:7). The exact words from the Bible are:
60:1 Arise, shine; for thy light is come, and the glory of the LORD is risen upon thee.
60:2 For, behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the people: but the LORD shall arise upon thee, and his glory shall be seen upon thee.
60:3 And the Gentiles shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising.
60:4 Lift up thine eyes round about, and see: all they gather themselves together, they come to thee: thy sons shall come from far, and thy daughters shall be nursed at thy side.
60:5 Then thou shalt see, and flow together, and thine heart shall fear, and be enlarged; because the abundance of the sea shall be converted unto thee, the forces of the Gentiles shall come unto thee.
60:6 The multitude of camels shall cover thee, the dromedaries of Midian and Ephah; all they from Sheba shall come: they shall bring gold and incense; and they shall shew forth the praises of the LORD.
60:7 All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee, the rams of Nebaioth shall minister unto thee: they shall come up with acceptance on mine altar, and I will glorify the house of my glory.
Now read it along with the following from Psalms 84:5-6 NIV:
5 Blessed are those whose strength is in you, who have set their hearts on pilgrimage. 6 As they pass through the Valley of Baca (Bakkah Valley was the original name of Makkah Valley), they make it a place of springs; the autumn rains also cover it with pools (or blessings).
Do you see how the rites of Muslim pilgrimage are being described? Are there any such rites performed in any other religion to which these quotations from the Bible can be applied?
Those who still hesitate should pay attention to the last part of the Deuteronomy prophecy, which indicated the listening to “that prophet” was compulsory and a part of the covenant. Those who do not listen to Prophet Muĥammad, God has warned them in Deut. 18:19: “I will require it of him” in KJV; “I will be the revenger” in the Catholic Bible; “I myself will hold accountable” in NRSV and “I myself will call him to account” in NIV.
Thus, the Qur’aan (Al-A‘raaf 7:157) reminds the people of the Book that God’s mercy will be allocated to:
Those who follow the Messenger, the Gentile (28) Prophet, whom they find mentioned in their own Torah and Gospel, who commands them what is decent and forbids them what is wrong; who makes lawful for them all decent things and disallows them what is bad and impure; and who relieves them of their burden and the shackles which were upon them. So those who believe in him, honour him, help him, and follow the light which has been sent down with him, they will be the successful ones. (Al-A‘raaf 7:157)
28 The word Ummiyy, امّیّ implies those who are unlearned, unlettered and unaccustomed to books and education. The Qur’aan uses it for its literal meaning (illiterate or unlettered) as well as to differentiate the Arabs, who were unaccustomed to the concept of a religious book, from the Jews and Christians who were believers in the earlier books. In that sense, it identifies non-Jews like the words “Goyim” or “Gentiles”, but does not carry the negative connotations associated with those words.
Hence, they are invited in the next verse:
158 Say, “O people! Surely, I am the Messenger of Allaah to you all, of Him Whose is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, there is no god but He; He brings to life and causes to die;” therefore, believe in Allaah and His Messenger, the Gentile Prophet who believes in Allaah and His words, and follow him so that you attain guidance. (Al-A‘raaf 7:158)
Attempts to Hide Muĥammad’s Mention in the Bible
It was because of such clear prophesies about him that all people of the Book, both the Jews and Christians, were waiting for him and used to talk about him. That is what helped people of Madeenah accept him. And that is why he was promptly recognized by Heraclius, the Emperor of Rome, and Negus, the king of Ethiopia, once they knew about his particulars.
After his arrival, those Jews and Christians believed in him who were sincere to themselves and were seekers of the truth instead of being slaves to their own prejudices and versions of truth. Others succumbed to their own innovations, traditions, customs and biases instead of accepting the truth of Islam for which he was promised and to which he invited them. When they rejected him, it posed a dilemma for them: All the predictions and prophecies applied to him perfectly, so how to reject him without exposing their own bigotry and aversion to the truth. To resolve this dilemma an organized attempt to cover up the clear prophecies about him was undertaken. This manipulation of text of the “Book” introduced many inconsistencies and contradictions as well as “difficult” to explain words and phrases in both Old and New Testaments. A perusal of those difficult to explain words usually indicates that it is the manipulation of the words and their spellings that has made those words unusual and difficult to explain. One source of problem was the general tendency among the Biblical scholars to translate names and titles instead of leaving them in the original words. Closely related to that problem was their tendency to misspell them either out of ignorance or to make them fitting in the patterns of the language to which they were translating (29). Mistranslation and mispronunciation of the titles and names of people and places have been some of the most favourite techniques used to hide the truth about Muĥammad, in addition to outright interpolation or deletion of words. These unexplainable, difficult words, confusing phrases and contradictory statements appear wherever the Bible refers to anything to do with Ishmael, Makkah – his place of residence, Islam and Muĥammad, indicating a deliberate attempt to cause confusion or to hide the truth. Illustrated in the following paragraphs are only a few examples of such confusions and difficulties created in the text of the existing Bible.
29 Some commonly known name and title translations and misspellings are: Moshi to Moses, Eesau to Jesus, Messiah to Christ, Cephas to Peter.
Another technique that was used to hide the truth about the Ishmaelites and the Prophet was to obfuscate the names of tribes, cities and places by misspelling them or mis-describing them. For example, the narrations about Ishmael (Isma’eel) and his parents, Abraham (Ibraheem) and Hagar (Haajirah) have been grossly mis-described. It has been established historically and through the real-life empirical observation of thousand of years that Isma’eel and his family settled in Makkah and most Arabs are his descendants. The Arabs had memorized their genealogies back to Isma’eel and used to recite them in public fairs. They celebrated every year without fail the incidence of Isma’eel being offered for sacrifice by performing animal sacrifices at Marwah; and performed pilgrimage of the house built by Ibraheem, without any break whatsoever, year after year for thousands of years. And these rituals continue till this day. However, the Bible writers obfuscated these facts by mis-describing words like “Bakkah” (“city” the original name of Makkah in Prophet Abraham’s language) to the Valley of Baca or Baka (the Valley of “weeping”), Marwah (the place of his son’s sacrifice) to Moriah, Bethel (Allaah’s house that Abraham constructed) to a name of a town instead of what it was. The migration of Haajirah and Isma’eel to the Makkan valley in the wilderness was obfuscated by confusing “Wilderness of Paran” with the Sinai Peninsula. Therefore, if the Biblical statements about Ishmael (Isma’eel), his family and his progeny are read with the right names of the places and towns (as clearly established by the history of Arabs), the prophecies will become clear. Keeping in mind the annual pilgrimage of Muslims to the House of Allaah in the valley of Bakkah (Makkah), glorifying and praising their Lord passionately and frequently, take Psalms 84:4-6 for example and see what it is mentioning:
4 Blessed are those who dwell in your house; they are ever praising you.
5 Blessed are those whose strength is in you, whose hearts are set on pilgrimage.
6 As they pass through the Valley of Baka, they make it a place of springs; the autumn rains also cover it with pools (or blessings).
Although there were prophecies about the advent of Prophet Muĥammad in the previous scriptures, Jesus declared that an essential part of his mission was giving good news about the advent of “that Prophet.” Jesus clearly declared that the Prophet would be coming right after him and that he would establish the Kingdom of God. Jesus even mentioned him by describing his Arabic name, “The most praised one”, in his own language. However, the current version of the New Testament does not carry that attributive name. As mentioned earlier, the reason is that there have been planned attempts to hide this fact. Following are some of the indications of such attempts:
I. Here is one example from Genesis 49:10. When Jacob was on his deathbed, he summoned his twelve sons, blessed them and foretold the future of his tribe. It is known as “Testament of Jacob” and is written in elegant Hebrew style, but in verse 10, it contains two words that have not occurred anywhere else in the Bible: Shiloh and yiqha. As you can see from the quotation below, translators have been facing difficulty in translating these words, especially Shiloh; hence, most of them have opted to retain the original word instead of translating it. Yiqha has been mostly translated as obedience:
“The scepter will not depart from Judah, nor the lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come, and to him will be the obedience of peoples” (DARBY).
“The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be” (KJV).
“The scepter or leadership shall not depart from Judah, nor the ruler's staff from between his feet, until Shiloh [the Peaceful One] comes to Whom it belongs, and to Him shall be the obedience of the people” (Amplified Bible).
“The right to rule will not leave Judah” The ruler's rod will not be taken from between his feet” It will be his until the king it belongs to comes” It will be his until the nations obey him”(NIRV).
“The scepter will not depart from Judah, nor the ruler's staff from between his feet (from his descendants), until he comes to whom it belongs and the obedience of the nations is his” (NIV).
Contemporary English Versions translate these words but include such acknowledgements in the footnotes as “the meaning of the Hebrew for this phrase is uncertain” or “One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text”.
One point which Biblical commentators generally agree upon about this verse is that the ruling and statutory authority will stay in the Tribe of Judah until someone titled Shiloh comes. At his advent, it will depart from the descendants of Judah and taken by him because he will be its rightful owner and will deserve obedience of all people. It is also very clear that such person will not be from the descendants of Judah because that is from where it is being taken away. Hence, regardless of how people try to stretch this prophecy, it cannot apply to Jesus – a descendant of Judah.
But there are more reasons that disqualify Jesus from being the person talked about in Gen 49:10:
1. Jesus did not rule his people even for one day; rather he advised the Jews to be loyal to Caesar and on one occasion a crowd attempted to make him a king and he escaped and hid himself.
2. He had no legal power or authority nor did he introduce any new religious law; rather declared that he had come to fulfill Jewish law.
3. He did not enjoy full obedience or loyalty by his own disciples (the traitor Judas, and the doubting Thomas (John 20:25-27), and the Satan Peter (Mark 8:33, Matthew 16:23), plus the other nine who deserted him when he was most in need), much less Israelites in general – a fact about which his annoyance and complaints are reported in New Testament (30). Following are examples of his complaints to his disciples:
- And he (Jesus) saith unto them (the disciples), “Why are ye fearful, O ye of little faith?” (Matthew 8:26).
- And (Jesus) said unto him (Peter), “O thou of little faith...” (Matthew 14:31).
- ... he (Jesus) said unto them (the disciples), “O ye of little faith, why reason among yourselves ...” (Matthew 16:8).
- And he (Jesus) said unto them (his disciples), “Where is your faith?” (Luke 8:25).
30 As quoted by Ahmed Deedat, Professor Momerie succinctly sums up "Disciples" response to the Master with reference to Mk. 14:50: “His immediate disciples were always misunderstanding him and his works. Wanting him to declare himself king of the Jews: wanting him to call down fire from heaven, wanting to sit on his right hand and on his left hand in his kingdom; wanting him to show them the father, to make god visible to their bodily eyes: wanting him to do, and wanting to do themselves, anything and everything that was incompatible with his great plan. This was how they treated him until the end. And when that came, they all forsook him. And fled.”
Jesus stooped down to the level of little children to make things plain to his disciples but he is compelled to burst out in frustration:
- And Jesus said, “Are ye even yet without understanding?” (Matthew 15:16).
And when he was provoked to breaking point, he rails against his chosen ones:
- “... O faithless and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you, how long shall I bear with you?” (Luke 9:41).
Thus, it is clear that Gen. 49:10 has nothing to do with Jesus. Then, the question is, who is this Shiloh and what does the word mean? It is obvious that it cannot apply to anyone except Muĥammad who established his rule and authority as the last Messenger of Allaah, taking it over from Judah and bringing it to the progeny of Ishmael.
Regardless of whose translations one uses, it points towards Muĥammad and none else. Those who translate it “to whom it belongs”, they assume “sh” is shortened form of “asher” (meaning “he, that”) and “loh” means “is his”. Although it is a speculative synthesis of a “difficult Hebrew word”, it still points only to Muĥammad as there is none else in the world to whom it can apply. Other translators have looked at its Hebrew spelling in its written form “Shylh” (pronounced Shiloh), and come up with possible meaning of “tranquil, peaceful, trustworthy” – all of which were the recognized qualities of Muĥammad, “Trustworthy” being one of the titles he was known as. However, it appears that this strange word “Shiloh” is a corrupted form of the real word Shiluaĥ or Shiloĥah, which are normal Hebrew words meaning the Messenger of Allaah, the exact title of Muĥammad (31).
31 Adapted from pages 49-59 of “Muhammad in the Bible” a research work by Professor David Benjamin Keldani (Abul-Ahad Dawud): Former Roman Catholic Bishop of the Uniate Chaldean.
II. The following verse (Deut 33:2) refers to Muĥammad’s conquest of Makkah and establishing Allaah’s law there, accompanied by exactly an army of 10,000 saintly people whose number and saintliness both are undeniable historical facts:
And he said, The LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from mount Paran, and he came with ten thousands of saints: from his right hand went a fiery law for them.
However, in their continued efforts to hide the truth, the Biblical scholars have tried to give the impression as if Paran was somewhere in Sinai peninsula. But they cannot deny the fact that the place where Hagar and Ishmael settled has been called Wilderness or Desert of Paran (Faraan) in the Bible (Gen. 21:21). Now it is an established fact that they settled in Makkah, so Paran (Faraan) should be referring to Makkah.
Knowing that there is nowhere in any of the history of religious figures anyone who could have undertaken any mission with 10,000 holy-ones or saints except Muĥammad, they have tried to cloud the fact by changing 10,000 to myriads and saints to angels in recent translations, although the old translations such as KJV still continue to carry the correct translation. In the newer version those who translated ten thousand into myriads or thousands, continue to translate the same words as 10,000 for gold and silver coins in 1 Chronicles 29:7. Similarly, those versions which changed “qodesh” (meaning holy person, place or thing) translation from “saints” or “holy ones” to “angels” or “sanctuary” continue to translate it for holy in verses such as Exodus 3:5, Leviticus10:7, Daniel 12:7, and Psalms 2:6. Also, in Zec. 14:5, it is still translated as “holy ones” in most versions.
A similar prediction was quoted in the New Testament (Jude 1:14-15 KJV):
And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints, To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him.
Song of Songs 5:10 mentions:
“My beloved is white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand” (KJV).
“My lover is radiant and ruddy, outstanding among ten thousand” (NIV).
This outstanding person becomes very clearly defined if 5:16 of this song is translated properly from their original Hebrew wherein name of Muĥammad has been mentioned as Muhamadim in plural form of respect. So, instead of the following:
“His mouth is most sweet: yea, he is altogether lovely. This is my beloved, and this is my friend, O daughters of Jerusalem” (KJV).
“His mouth is full of sweetness and he is wholly desirable. This is my beloved and this is my friend, O daughters of Jerusalem” (NASB).
The proper translation would be:
His mouth is most sweet: yea, he is MUĤAMMAD. This is my (paternal) UNCLE, and this is my COMRADE, O daughters of Jerusalem (32).
32 Research works of Mohd Elfi Nieshaem Juferi and Maulana Abdul Haq Vidyarthi, “Muhammad [pbuh] In the Bible” and “Muhammad in World Scriptures”.
When the Jews recite this verse in Hebrew, they are clearly heard uttering the name of Muĥammad ŜA‘WS.
III. In Haggai 2:7-9 (NIV), we read:
“I will shake all nations, and the desired of all nations will come, and I will fill this house with glory”, says the LORD Almighty. “The silver is mine and the gold is mine”, declares the LORD Almighty. “The glory of this present house will be greater than the glory of the former house”, says the LORD Almighty. “And in this place I will grant peace (Shalom)”, declares the LORD Almighty.
The Hebrew word translated as “the desired” is “Ĥimda” from root word Ĥmd, which is exactly the Arabic root word for Aĥmad and Muĥammad (33) – the Prophet’s names, meaning the most praised. It is obvious the Shalom (34) (peace) here stands for Islam. The present house, Holy Ka‘bah, in the city of peace, Makkah, is far more glorious than the previous house, Temple of Jerusalem, which has never been in peace during Jesus’ time or after. The picture becomes clearer if the following verse of Malachi 3:1 is kept in view:
“See, I will send my messenger, who will prepare the way before Me. Then suddenly the lord (Adonai) you are seeking will come to his temple; the messenger of the covenant, whom you desire, will come”, says the LORD Almighty.
33 Jubayr ibn Mut‘im said that he heard Allaah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) saying: “I have various names: I am Muhammad, and I am Aĥmad, and I am Al-Maaĥi with whom Allaah obliterates disbelief, and I am Al-Ĥaashir at whose feet people will be gathered, and I am Al-‘Aaqib.’’
34 Please keep in mind that according to Gospel writers Jesus did not have anything to do with peace. He did not come to establish peace: “Do not suppose that I have come to bring peace to the earth. I did not come to bring peace, but a sword. For I have come to turn ‘a man against his father, a daughter against her mother, a daughter in law against her mother-in-law –a man's enemies will be the members of his own household” (Matthew 10:23 34-36).
Some people think that the Messenger mentioned here is John the Baptist who was there to prepare the way for Jesus. That thought is baseless for many reasons: John never prepared any way for Jesus. He himself did not even join Jesus in his mission and kept baptizing on his own. He did not even know if Jesus was the Messenger because from prison, he asked, “Are you he who is to come?” But above everything else, Allaah is talking about preparing the way before “Me”, not before Jesus.
There are a few points to be reflected upon in the prophecy of Malachi. The promised Messenger was to have the following qualities:
- The messenger is to prepare the way (darakh in Hebrew) to Allaah – a straight path to Allaah in terms of worship, obedience and religious goals and practices. Thus, he is going to establish the religion of Allaah totally anew;
- He will be a powerful personality who is listened to and obeyed – Adonai, not like John and Jesus who were at the mercy of Jewish and Roman authorities;
- He will suddenly come to temple in the capacity of Adonai, not like Jesus who was often rebuked and chased out by temple authorities;
- He will be Messenger of the Covenant – Israelites must have given a covenant of obedience for him;
- He will be desired and coveted.
That desired and coveted Adonai and Messenger of covenant cannot be any one other than Muĥammad, the most praised, loved and obeyed Messenger who established the straight path of Islam leading people to the full and holistic submission to Allaah. Note the sudden arrival of the Messenger at the temple and remember the Prophet Muĥammad’s instantaneous night journey in which he led all messengers of the past in worship of Allaah, as described in the Qur’aan (Banee Isra’eel 15:1) (35).
Exalted in perfectness and glory is He Who took His slave (Prophet Muĥammad) by night from Al-Masjid-ul-Ĥaraam (36) to Al-Masjid-ul-Aqŝaa (37) whose surroundings We have blessed, to show him some of Our signs. (Banee Isra'eel 17:1)
35 Adapted from “Muhammad in the Bible” a research work by Professor David Benjamin Keldani (Abul-Ahad Dawud): Former Roman Catholic Bishop of the Uniate Chaldean.
36 It literally means “The Hallowed and Inviolable Masjid” and is the proper name of the sacred masjid in Makkah in which the Holy Kaʻbah is situated. Masjid is the proper Islamic word for a house designated for Allaah’s worship, usually called “mosque” in English.
37 It means “The Far-away Masjid” and is the Qur’aanic name for the masjid built by Prophet Sulayman (Solomon) in Jerusalem.
1. We have already shown some examples of ancient as well as recent manipulations as to how “Holy Ghost” has been interpolated to confuse the identity of “the prophet”.
Now lets come back to the Greek word “Parakletos” that we quoted earlier from John 14:16-17 and that has been an enigma for translators. As mentioned earlier, it has been translated as comforter, advocate, helper, intercessor, counsellor, etc. The reason for such variation is that the word itself is not a classical word of Greek language. The Greek word for consoler or comforter is Parakalon. The Greek word for advocate is Sunegorus and for intercessor or mediator is Meditéa (38). This whole problem was created because the original Greek word “Periqlytos” which is an authentic Greek word and is superlative degree meaning “the most illustrious, renowned and praiseworthy” and is exactly equivalent of Aĥmad, Prophet Muĥammad’s second name. Had they not translated the original name which Jesus used into Greek language and had they not then played with its spelling, the textual difficulty would not have arisen. The Qur’aan (Aŝ-Ŝaff 61:6) uncovers the mystery and tells that:
Remember when Jesus, the son of Mary, said, “O Israelites, indeed I am the messenger of Allaah to you, fulfilling and confirming what came before me of the Torah and bringing good news of a messenger to come after me, whose name will be Aĥmad – the most praised one.”
38 Adapted from “Muhammad in the Bible” a research work by Professor David Benjamin Keldani (Abul-Ahad Dawud): Former Roman Catholic Bishop of the Uniate Chaldean.
In fact, one of the major functions of ‘Eesa as a messenger of Allaah was to deliver the good news to the world that the last Prophet whom everyone was waiting for is next to come with the complete guidance of Islam from Allaah to establish Islamic system of peace and justice they all have been eagerly waiting for. His good news was the ultimate success of the truth of Islam and establishment of its system of justice and, through it, the redemption, success and salvation in the Hereafter, not some mythological redemption from sins. Establishment of such an Islamic society is what he called “kingdom of God”.
2. Although the prophecies about “the prophet” clearly indicated that he was to be from Ishmaelites, there were some among Israelites who wondered if he will be descendent of David. Jesus clarified to them:
”He said to them, “How is it then that David, speaking by the Spirit, calls him ‘Lord’? For he says, ’The Lord said to my Lord: Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet.’ 45If then David calls him ‘Lord,’ how can he be his son?” (Matthew 22:43-45) (39)
39 Also see Mark 12:35-37 and Luke 20:41-43
Naturally, the audience had no response. Jesus explained to them that David was talking about Muĥammad but that part has been deleted from the canonical Gospels. However, it is fully reported in the Gospel of Barnabas:
Verily I say unto you that every prophet when he is come hath borne to one nation only the mark of the mercy of God. And so their words were not extended save to that people to which they were sent. But the Messenger of God, when he shall come, God shall give him as it were the seal of his hand, insomuch that he shall carry salvation and mercy to all the nations of the world that shall receive his doctrine. He shall come with power upon the ungodly, and shall destroy idolatry, insomuch that he shall make Satan confounded: for so promised God to Abraham, saying: “Behold, in thy seed I will bless all the tribes of the earth: and as thou hast broken in pieces the idols, O Abraham, even so shall thy seed do.”
In answer to the discussion on whether this promise was made though Isaac or Ishmael, Jesus said:
Ye deceive yourselves; for David in spirit calleth him lord, saying thus: “God said to my lord, sit thou on my right hand until I make thine enemies thy footstool. God shall send forth thy rod which shall have lordship in the midst of thine enemies.” If the Messenger of God whom ye call Messiah were son of David, how should David call him lord? Believe me, for verily I say to you, that the promise was in Ishmael, not in Isaac (40).
40 The Gospel of Barnabas, Islamic Publications Ltd. Page 56-57
Despite the facts being otherwise and despite Jesus who was descendent of David excluding himself, some people continue to blindly designate Jesus to be lord of David.
A play with the words in Biblical text must be pointed out here. In the English text of canonical gospels, when quoting David, both Lords are capitalized to give the impression that both Lords are divine. That is not true for Prophet David who believed in the Unity of God or Towheed. He used the first Lord for Allaah and the second for a human being, but the translators have given the wrong impression by improperly capitalizing the second one. The reference to Hebrew text of Psalm 110 reveals that actual words are: “YaHWaH said to my Adon”, where Yahwah obviously refers to God and Adon means a human commander, leader, master or lord (41). Thus, the proper form of this verse is, “The Lord said to my lord: Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet.”
41 Adapted from “Muhammad in the Bible” by Prof. Abdul Ahad Dawud, former Bishop of Uramiah.
This prophecy about “the Prophet” was fulfilled when Allaah took him by night for a visit from Makkah to Jerusalem. During that visit he led the spirits of all messengers including Jesus in worship to Allaah and thus they had a chance to worship Allaah under the leadership of their Adon – the leader of all prophets and messengers. Although Allaah had repeatedly assured the Prophet that he would eventually triumph over his enemies, Allaah especially and categorically declared at that time in chapter Israa that he would have a clear and decisive victory over his enemies, despite the hopeless circumstances he was facing.
After establishment of the Islamic state (kingdom of God) in Madeenah, he conquered enemies, broke the idols, cleaned the place from idol worship and disbelief altogether.
3. When Jesus was asked for more miracles by the Jews, He responded:
“An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas: for as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth” (Matthew 12:38-40).
It is usually believed that this sign applies to the incident of death and resurrection of Jesus. When we review the reports of the episode of the crucifixion of Jesus in the four Gospels from the perspective of this sign, assuming for arguments sake that Jesus did die as alleged, the following questions arise:
A. If Jesus knew that he is destined to die and be resurrected after three days, why did he cry and shout on the cross, "My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?" From the comments like this, it appears he did not have any idea of a resurrection in his mind. He felt alone and abandoned.
B. For a sign to apply, the sign and the incident in question must have some glaring similarities. It does not appear to be the case here. For example, Jonah was alive when he was thrown in the water; he remained alive in the belly of the fish; and, he was alive when he was vomited on the shore. On the other hand, Jesus is believed to have died; he was laid to rest as a dead person; and, then he is believed to have been resurrected. Jesus did not remain alive like Jonah. Conversely, Jonah did not die or got resurrected like Jesus.
C. Jonah went back to his people who accepted him and believed in him; not Jesus.
D. An example of a minor nature is that to be similar the 'heart of the earth' should be a grave or a small cave as constraining as the stomach of a whale. While in the case of Jesus it was a spacious chamber measuring 5' x 15' with 7' height according to Jim Bishop in The Day Christ Died.
E. Bible is definite in mentioning that Jonah stayed in the belly of the fish for three days and three nights. So is Matthew about the duration of the sign of Jonah. No one, however, knows for sure how long Jesus was in the sepulchre. Jesus' body may very well have been removed Friday night after dark before a guard was appointed some time during Saturday. That may explain why the guard did not even notice the disappearance of Jesus.
F. Even if it is accepted for the sake of the argument that Jesus left the tomb Sunday morning, the total time Jesus was in the tomb comes to only two nights and one day – a far cry from three nights and three days mentioned as a sign.
These factors, when considered rationally, clearly demonstrate the inapplicability of the sign of Jonah to the story of Jesus as reported in the Gospels. Believing that Jesus, being a chosen one from God, only spoke the truth and considering the flagrant inconsistencies relating to this incident, it can safely be deduced that the reporting of his crucifixion and resurrection, or the sign of Jonah, or of both are inaccurate and corrupted.
As crucifixion and resurrection are not the topics here, let us concentrate on the sign of Jonah.
From his birth onwards, Jesus had shown astounding miracles but the Jews still rejected him. Jesus was approaching the end of his mission when they demanded more miracles. So he responded to them that they have lost the opportunity. Now they have to wait for the “the prophet” to see more signs especially the sign of Jonah after which he will be able to establish his authority and power which they have been waiting for.
A look at the historical facts make it abundantly clear that it applied to Muĥammad (ŜA‘WS) perfectly.
When Makkans figured that Muĥammad ŜA’WS would migrate to Madeenah to continue his mission, they decided to kill him. His house was surrounded for that purpose. But he succeeded to get out miraculously just as Jonah was able to survive in the storm miraculously. He hid in a small cave for three days and three nights before resuming his journey towards Madeenah. Despite frantic search by Makkans on the same mount where he was hiding, he escaped detection as a miracle just as Jonah escaped death in the belly of the fish. After those long three days and nights in the belly of the earth, he was able to travel to people of Madeenah who believed in him. Subsequently, he was able to conquer Makkans who also believed in him, just as people of Nineveh believed in Jonah after the fish episode.
It was after this cave episode and his successful migration that Muĥammad was able to establish the kingdom of God in Madeenah.
Considering that one of the main functions of Jesus was to give the good news of the coming of the Last Prophet Muĥammad and his successful establishment of the kingdom of God, Jesus’ comment must have been clear but subsequent alterations have been made to cover up its applicability and to make it seem as if it applied to Jesus, the son of a woman, who has erroneously been called son of mam (42) in the New Testament. Comparison of existing New Testament with older versions of Gospel has indicated that the title son of man did not exist in the older transcripts (43) indicating a subsequent insertion.
42 If his conception was immaculate, how can he be a son of man?
43 "In my book, I argue that this mysterious medieval manuscript in fact contains the earliest Christian gospel text that we now possess; thus, it can be considered as the long-lost source of our standard canonical New Testament gospels. I base this on a close analysis of 80 selected passages of the Magdalene Gospel – each one of them seems earlier than the equivalent canonical passage or passages. To this may also be added around 30 passages in the Magdalene Gospel where the "Son of Man" title of Jesus is missing, which appears to indicate that these 30 passages are likewise more primitive than the parallel canonical passages. (The “Son of Man" is missing completely in this whole text.) Yuri Kuchinsky author of “The Magdalene Gospel: a Journey Behind the New Testament”.
Consider the following quote form the Bible (Matthew 10:23):
When you are persecuted in one place, flee to another. I tell you the truth, you will not finish going through the cities of Israel before the Son of Man comes.
If Son of Man in this verse refers to Jesus, then, unfortunately Jesus told a big lie (44). Millenniums have passed since Jesus’ departure within which the persecuted Christians would have passed through all the cities of Israel very many times, but Jesus did not come. However, if Son of Man refers to Muĥammad, it becomes a valid, meaningful statement. The true followers of Jesus who were Unitarians were persecuted by pagan and Trinitarian Romans. They found their solace, refuge and protection in Islam and with Muslims.
44 We seek Allaah’s refuge from any such notion because Jesus was a marvellous Messenger of Allaah who never said anything wrong. As Muslims, we bear witness to the fact that he was pure, clean, above and beyond any and all wrong acts or words attributed to him by Gospel writers or Biblical theologians.
Those who are really interested in discovering how clearly and abundantly Jesus preached the good news of the advent of Muĥammad (ŜA‘WS), the leader of the prophets and messengers, they should study “Gospel according to Barnabas”, which was excluded from canonical gospels in 325AD by the vested interests. A copy of this Gospel was discovered in late 16th century in Pope’s library, when Pope Sixtus V had his library catalogued and a certain Roman Monk called Framarino managed to bring it out. That copy ended up in Hofbibliothek (Austrian National Library) in Vienna. Its English translation was published in 1907 by Oxford University Press, but mysteriously disappeared from the market. Only two copies survived: one in the British Museum and the other in the Library of Congress in Washington. Using photocopies from the Museum’s copy, some Muslim organizations have now printed it to make it available to interested readers. Because this gospel has very clear predictions about Muĥammad and his advent, and because it quotes Jesus mentioning Muĥammad by name, Christians try to discount the importance of this Gospel by speculating that some Muslim may have authored it. This speculation is baseless for many reasons: the Gospel of Barnabas existed long before the advent of Muĥammad and was listed in the two authentic lists of non-canonical gospels. Even if a Muslim would have manipulated the text later on, he would have done it to spread it in the world to help in the cause of Islam. But history has no record of any such attempt by Muslims. Also, Muslim scholars who wrote on the topics related to Jesus and Christianity would have quoted from it or mentioned its existence. Generally, Muslims and non-Muslim scholars who compiled exhaustive list of books available on such topics, were not even aware of its existence until it was mentioned by George Sale in his book or until its English translation was published by Oxford.
In short, despite their efforts to hide the truth, there are enough pointers, as has been shown, to indicate how his advent was foretold. Many truth-loving knowledgeable Jews and Christians keep finding the hidden truth and converting to Islam. Praise be to Allaah that in every segment of history ordained ministers, bishops and educated people continue to convert to Islam (45). The question to ask yourself is: are you one of those truth-lovers?
45 In fact, most of the research presented here had been initially done by those theologians who had the firsthand information of the original writings of the Bible and expert knowledge of Hebrew and Greek languages. When they sincerely discovered the truth, they became believers in Islam and informed the world what they had uncovered. They include eminent people like Professor David Benjamin Keldani (Abul-Ahad Dawud): Former Bishop Of Uramiah – the Roman Catholic Bishop of the Uniate Chaldean (died 1940 CE); ‘Ali ibn Raban Al-Tabari who had been Christian and then embraced Islam and died in 247 HE; Abdullah Al-Turjuman, Anslam Tormida, a Spanish priest who died in 832 HE; Ibrahim Khalil Ahmad, previously a Christian priest who embraced Islam and Sulaiman Shahid Mufassir another ordained minister who became Muslim. All of them wrote their observations in the books and tracts to help other people discover what they discovered through painstaking research after which their conscience did not allow them to continue without accepting and declaring the truth they had discovered.
As shown above, despite their efforts to hide the truth, there are enough pointers to indicate how Prophet Muĥammad’s advent was foretold. As told by Jesus, the Prophet indeed achieved most superbly and completely what no other prophet and messenger could achieve – complete and full establishment of Islam – cleansing his locality altogether from idolatry. Jesus rightfully exclaimed about him when he said:
“Truly, I say to you, among those born of women there has risen no one greater than John the Baptist; yet he who is least (meaning last) in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he” (RSV Matt 11:11).